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This Week in Aboriginal History: Creek Indian Ernest Childers receives Medal of Honor

By Carl A. Ellis, Friday, April 13, 2018

April 6, 1875: Black Horse is one of several Southern Cheyenne sent to prison in St. Augustine, Fla., (from the Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency - later called Fort Reno), for their part in the uprisings in Indian Territory, and Texas. While handcuffed, he attempts to escape by hiding among the rest of his tribe. He is pursued and mortally wounded by Army guards under the command of Capt. Andrew Bennett, 5th Infantry. 

Several shots miss Black Horse and hit other Cheyenne. The Cheyenne retaliate with a hail of bullets and arrows while almost half the group flees to hide in nearby hills. Lt. Col. T.H. Neill and one company of Infantry, along with horse-mounted troops, pursue them and fight throughout the day into evening. Eleven Indians died and 19 were wounded. Most of the Cheyenne would eventually return to the agency at Fort Reno.

April 7, 1788: The first settlers arrive at Marietta in Ohio country. Gen. Arthur St. Clair followed on July 9 as governor of the Northwest Territory.

April 8, 1944: Ernest Childers – a Creek Indian from Oklahoma – is awarded the Medal of Honor for his leadership, initiative and bravery during World War II. He is one of five native Americans to receive the Medal of Honor in the 20th century.

April 9, 1754: An Indian slave trader sends a letter to South Carolina Gov. James Glen asking for permission to use one group of Indians to fight another: “We want no pay,” the letter reads, “only what we can take and plunder, and what slaves we take to be our own.”

April 10, 1871: Apaches raid the Mission San Xavier del Bac south of Tucson and steal livestock.

April 11, 1968: The Indian Civil Rights Act passes. It includes sections specifically applying the U.S. Bill of Rights to Indians in their relations with tribal governments.

April 12, 1870: Fort Berthold Reservation is created by executive order in western North Dakota. The reservation is home to the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara tribes.

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