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This Week in Aboriginal History: Indians seek inclusion in big tobacco settlement

By Carl A. Ellis, Friday, June 8, 2018

June 1, 1934: The U.S. government crafts a legal definition for “Indian.”

June 2, 1999: American Indians file a class action suit against major tobacco companies contending they were excluded from a $206 billion settlement reached with 46 states the previous year.

June 3, 1833: Secretary of War Lewis Cass orders the U.S. Marshal’s Office to remove white settlers and trespassers from Creek Indian lands in Alabama.

June 4, 1871: Gen. George Crook takes command of the Department of Arizona, today. He believes the Indians should be treated fairly, but kept under control.

June 5, 1866: A formal treaty conference begins at Fort Laramie in Wyoming. Leaders from many tribes and bands attend. The U.S. government seeks agreement for trails, roads and railroad lines to cross Indian lands. The meeting will be postponed for almost a week at the request of Red Cloud, who wants additional Indians to attend.

June 6, 1868: Capt. D. Monahan and troops from 3rd Cavalry leave Fort Sumner in western New Mexico to chase a group of Navajo Indians accused of killing four settlers about 12 miles from the fort. After following their trail for 100 miles, the army surprises the Navajos, who are in a ravine. The Army reports killing three Indians and wounding 11; the rest escape. No soldiers are killed.

June 7, 1494: The Catholic church divides the “new world” between Spain and Portugal.

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