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This Week in Aboriginal History: Missions come under attack in Florida

By Carl A. Ellis, Friday, July 6, 2018

June 29, 1704: A force of 50 South Carolina residents and 1,000 Creek Indians attack the Spanish San Damian de Cupahica Mission near modern-day Tallahassee, Fla. The mission is destroyed and many local Indians are taken as slaves. A few days earlier, the group had attacked the Mission of San Pedro y San Pablo in Patale in the Florida panhandle.

June 30, 1793: The Battle at Fort Recovery, Ohio, rages into its second day.

July 1, 1833: The U.S. Army estimates it has captured all the “hostile” Creek Indians except for warriors from Hitchiti and Yuchi, who are led by Jim Henry, a Yuchi warrior.

July 2, 1825: Creek Chief William McIntosh signs a treaty ceding Creek lands to the United States and agrees to vacate them by 1826. Other Creeks reject the treaty and kill him.

July 3, 1637: The Pequod Indians become the first slaves in the colony of Massachusetts.

July 4, 1777: The Shawnees attack Boonesborough again. As was the case with their last invasion on April 15, they find the town’s fortification cannot be breeched.

July 5, 1831: William Colquhoun is appointed special agent to the Choctaws by Secretary of War Lewis Cass. Colquhoun is ordered to go to the Choctaw Nation and consult with the leaders about their removal to Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma.


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