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This Week in Aboriginal History: AIM leaders arrested at Wounded Knee

By Carl A. Ellis, Friday, August 3, 2018

July 27, 1973: Leaders of the American Indian Movement, or AIM, and 200 activists take over the village of Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota. They announce the creation of the Oglala Sioux Nation. They declare their independence from the United States and define their national boundaries as those determined by the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie. The siege, which ended May 8, had lasted 71 days. AIM leaders Russell Means and Dennis Banks are arrested, but charges will be dropped two months later.

July 28, 1872: Col. Ranald S. Mackenzie takes 12 officers, 272 enlisted men and 20 Tonkawa scouts to search for renegade Indians in and around the Texas Panhandle.

July 29, 1837: Chippewa Indians sign a treaty with the United States at St. Peters, Wisc., trading large land holdings for $9,500 cash, $19,000 worth of supplies and forgiveness of tribal debts.

July 30, 1825: The Minitaree agree to a treaty at the Lower Mandan Village with nine chiefs and 16 warriors signing.

July 31, 1686: The Lenape Indians sell land along the Lehigh River to William Penn.

Aug. 1, 1735: The British reach an agreement with four tribes in New York covering “amity and commerce.” The tribes are the Western Abenaki, Housatonic, Mohegan and Scaghticoke Indians.

Aug. 2, 1689: A group of 100 Abenaki Indians attack the 30 soldiers occupying the fort at Pemaquid, Maine. The soldiers, led by Lt. James Weems, eventually surrender. Those who aren’t killed are taken prisoner and forced to evacuate to Canada.

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